Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva



Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva



Elena is an avid blogger who enjoys writing articles on fashion, beauty, lifestyle, fitness and recently, CBD niches. Elena has been described as a "delightfully eccentric with a creative take on things" (New York Times) with an ability to "bring you new facts that will make you go WOW!" (Vanity Fair). Elena has been writing since her uni days where she was a regular contributor to the student magazine. After pursuing a career in finance in the heart of London's financial hub, Elena has decided to start blogging in her spare time as an outlet for her creativity and ideas. During her spare time, Elena enjoy horse riding, camping and hiking, interior design and keeping abreast with the latest trends. Elena is in the process of starting up her own beauty cosmetics line in the near future. Elena is also a contributing author to fashion and lifestyle magazines and has been featured in Vice, Country Living, Harrods magazine, Daily Telegraph, Grazia and Women's Health.


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For occasion, e-cigarettes are illegal in Japan, forcing the market to use heated tobacco merchandise for cigarette options. Others have launched strict restrictions and a few have licensed devices as medicines corresponding to in the UK. However, as of February 2018, there isn’t any e-cigarette system that has been given a medical license that’s commercially sold or available by prescription within the UK. As of 2015, around two thirds of main nations have regulated e-cigarettes ultimately. Because of the potential relationship with tobacco laws and medical drug policies, e-cigarette laws is being debated in lots of international locations. The corporations that make e-cigarettes have been pushing for legal guidelines that support their pursuits. In 2016 the US Department of Transportation banned the usage of e-cigarettes on industrial flights.
  • E-cigarettes are closely promoted across all media outlets.[when?
  • Tobacco companies intensely market e-cigarettes to youth, with business methods including cartoon characters and sweet flavors.
  • Fruit flavored e-liquid is the most generally marketed e-liquid flavor on social media.
  • ] They are vigorously advertised, largely by way of the Internet, as a safe substitute to conventional cigarettes, amongst other things.
  • E-cigarette companies promote their e-cigarette products on Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, and Twitter.

However the 2015 slowdown in market development affected VTMs as well. Large tobacco retailers are leading the cigalike market. “We noticed the market’s sudden recognition that the cigarette business appears to be in deep trouble, disrupted by the rise of vaping,” Mad Money’s Jim Cramer stated April 2018.
The ease to get past the age verification system at e-cigarette company web sites allows underage individuals to access and be uncovered to advertising. Around half of e-cigarette firm web sites have a minimal age discover that prohibited underage people from coming into. Vaping is not clearly more or less effective than regulated nicotine alternative products or ‘ordinary care’ for quitting smoking.

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Due to their similarity to traditional cigarettes, e-cigarettes could play a valuable position in tobacco hurt discount. However, the public well being neighborhood stays divided regarding the appropriateness of endorsing a tool whose safety and efficacy for smoking cessation remain unclear. According to Blaha, there are three reasons e-cigarettes may be particularly engaging to young folks. First, many teenagers consider that vaping is much less dangerous than smoking. Second, e-cigarettes have a lower per-use price than conventional cigarettes.
Under this ruling the FDA will consider sure points, including ingredients, product options and health dangers, as properly their appeal to minors and non-customers. A picture ID is now required to purchase e-cigarettes, and their sale in all-ages vending machines isn’t permitted in the US. E-cigarette and tobacco corporations have recruited lobbyists in an effort to forestall the US FDA from evaluating e-cigarette merchandise or banning present products already available on the market.
Minimal exposure might be sufficient to produce neuroplastic alterations in the very delicate adolescent brain. A 2014 evaluation found that in studies up to a third of youth who haven’t tried a standard cigarette have used e-cigarettes. Most younger e-cigarette customers have by no means smoked, but there’s a substantial minority who both vape and smoke, which signifies that e-cigarettes may be a starting point for nicotine use. Young individuals who wouldn’t smoke are vaping, and young people who vape are more likely to begin smoking. Twice as many younger individuals vaped in 2014 than also used conventional cigarettes. Young people who smoke tobacco or marijuana, or who drink alcohol, are much more likely to vape.
A 2016 review found low high quality evidence of a pattern towards benefit of e-cigarettes with nicotine for smoking cessation. In terms of whether or not flavored e-cigarettes assisted quitting smoking, the evidence is inconclusive. Medical organizations differ of their views about the health implications of vaping. There is general settlement that e-cigarettes expose customers to fewer toxicants than tobacco cigarettes.
According to Nielsen Holdings, convenience retailer e-cigarette sales in the US went down for the first time during the 4-week period ending on 10 May 2014. Wells Fargo analyst Bonnie Herzog attributes this decline to a shift in shoppers’ behavior, buying more specialised units or what she calls “vapors-tanks-mods ” that are not tracked by Nielsen. Wells Fargo estimated that VTMs accounted for 57% of the 3.5 billion dollar market in the US for vapor products in 2015. In 2014, dollar gross sales of customizable e-cigarettes and e-liquid surpassed sales of cigalikes within the US, even though, overall, customizables are a inexpensive vaping possibility. In 2014, the Smoke-Free Alternatives Trade Association estimated that there have been 35,000 vape outlets in the US, more than triple the number a yr earlier.

Quitting smoking is essentially the most effective strategy to tobacco harm discount. The revised EU Tobacco Products Directive got here into effect in May 2016, offering stricter laws for e-cigarettes. It limits e-cigarette advertising in print, on television and radio, along with reducing the level of nicotine in liquids and lowering the flavors used. It requires the purchaser for e-cigarettes to be a minimum of 18 and does not allow buying them for anyone less than 18 years of age. The updated Tobacco Products Directive has been disputed by tobacco lobbyists whose businesses might be impacted by these revisions. As of 8 August 2016, the US FDA prolonged its regulatory power to include e-cigarettes, e-liquid and all related merchandise.

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E-cigarettes that are not reusable contribute to the issue of digital waste, which can create a hazard for folks and other organisms. In April 2014 the US FDA published proposed laws for e-cigarettes. In the US some states tax e-cigarettes as tobacco products, and some state and regional governments have broadened their indoor smoking bans to incorporate e-cigarettes. As of April 2017, 12 US states and 615 localities had prohibited the usage of e-cigarettes in venues in which conventional cigarette smoking was prohibited.
Some healthcare teams and policy makers have hesitated to recommend e-cigarettes for quitting smoking, due to restricted proof of effectiveness and security. Some have advocated bans on e-cigarette sales and others have instructed that e-cigarettes could also be regulated as tobacco merchandise however with much less nicotine content material or be regulated as a medicinal product. A 2016 World Health Organization report discovered that the scientific evidence for the effectiveness of vaping for quitting smoking is “scant and of low certainty”. Healthcare organizations in the UK in 2015 have inspired people who smoke to strive e-cigarettes to assist them quit smoking and also inspired e-cigarette customers to give up smoking tobacco entirely. The benefits and the health risks of e-cigarettes are uncertain, together with their long-term results.

E-cigarette vapor probably incorporates harmful chemicals not found in tobacco smoke. The majority of toxic chemicals present ivg eliquid rainbow blast 10ml 12mg in cigarette smoke are absent in e-cigarette vapor. E-cigarette vapor contains lower concentrations of probably poisonous chemicals than with cigarette smoke.

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Tobacco firms intensely market e-cigarettes to youth, with trade methods together with cartoon characters and sweet flavors. Fruit flavored e-liquid is probably the most commonly marketed e-liquid flavor on social media. Massive promoting included the assertion that they’d current little danger to non-customers. Many e-cigarette corporations market their merchandise as a smoking cessation help with out evidence of effectiveness. E-cigarette advertising advocate weight management and emphasize use of nicotine with many flavors.
Finally, vape cartridges are sometimes formulated with flavorings corresponding to apple pie and watermelon that enchantment to youthful users. The IQOS is a heated tobacco product marketed by Philip Morris International. It heats tobacco at a decrease temperature than conventional cigarettes. The tobacco sticks reach a temperature as much as 350 °C. On 2 December 2016, the United Tobacco Vapor Group’s acknowledged that they have been given a patent for his or her vaporizing part system. qmos from UTVG doesn’t contain a wick or sponge and the variety of elements is 5 compared to 20 for conventional e-cigarettes.

These marketing angles might particularly entice obese people, youth, and susceptible groups. Some e-cigarette firms state that their products are green without supporting evidence which may be purely to increase their sales. It is tough to reach a basic conclusion from e-cigarette use for smoking cessation because there are lots of of brands and models of e-cigarettes sold that fluctuate within the composition of the liquid. E-cigarettes have not been subjected to the same kind of efficacy testing as nicotine alternative products.

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There is concern that children could progress from vaping to smoking. Adolescents are more likely to underestimate nicotine’s addictiveness. Vulnerability to the mind-modifying results of nicotine, together with youthful experimentation with e-cigarettes, could lead to a lifelong habit.
Celebrity endorsements are used to encourage e-cigarette use. Cynthia Hallett of Americans for Non-Smokers’ Rights described the US advertising marketing campaign as trying to “re-set up a norm that smoking is okay, that smoking is glamorous and acceptable”. University of Pennsylvania communications professor Joseph Cappella said that the setting of the advertisement close to an ocean was meant to recommend an association of unpolluted air with the nicotine product. In 2012 and 2013, e-cigarette companies marketed to a large tv viewers in the US which included 24 million youth. The channels to which e-cigarette promoting reached the most important numbers of youth (ages 12–17) have been AMC, Country Music Television, Comedy Central, WGN America, TV Land, and VH1. Regulation of e-cigarettes varies throughout international locations and states, starting from no regulation to banning them entirely.

Large tobacco corporations have significantly elevated their advertising efforts. This advertising pattern might increase the usage of e-cigarettes and contribute to re-glamorizing smoking. Vape Shop in Scarborough, UK could use e-cigarette advertising to advocate smoking, intentionally, or inadvertently, is an space of concern. E-cigarettes are promoted to a sure extent to forge a vaping tradition that entices non-people who smoke. Since they do not contain tobacco, tv advertising within the US is not restricted.
E-cigarettes that aren’t reusable may contribute to the issue of electronic waste. As of 2015, research had not but offered a consensus on the risks of e-cigarette use. There is little information about their security, and a substantial number of liquids are used as carriers, and thus are current in the aerosol delivered to the user. Reviews of the protection of e-cigarettes have reached fairly different conclusions. A 2014 WHO report cautioned about potential dangers of utilizing e-cigarettes. Regulated US FDA merchandise corresponding to nicotine inhalers could also be safer than e-cigarettes, but e-cigarettes are usually seen as safer than combusted tobacco products such as cigarettes and cigars. The threat of early death is anticipated to be just like that of smokeless tobacco.

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Some people who quit smoking with a vaping device are continuing to vape after a year. Vaping seems to be as effective as nicotine replacement products, although its potential antagonistic results such as normalizing smoking have not been adequately studied. While some surveys reported improved quitting smoking, significantly with intensive e-cigarette customers, several research confirmed a decline in quitting smoking in twin users. A 2015 overview of systematic evaluations indicates that e-cigarettes has no benefit for people who smoke making an attempt to quit, and that the excessive price of dual use signifies that e-cigarettes are used for supporting their nicotine dependancy.
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Pax Labs has developed vaporizers that heats the leaves of tobacco to deliver nicotine in a vapor. On 1 June 2015, they introduced Juul a type of e-cigarette which delivers 10 instances as much nicotine as other e-cigarettes, equivalent to an precise cigarette puff. Juul was spun off from Pax Labs in June 2017 and is now out there by the impartial firm Juul Labs. The eTron 3T from Vapor Tobacco Manufacturing, launched in December 2014, employs a patented, aqueous system whereby the tobacco is extracted into water. The e-liquid contains natural tobacco, organic glycerin, and water.

Studies pertaining to their potential impression on smoking reduction are very limited. E-cigarette use might lower the variety of cigarettes smoked, however smoking only one to four cigarettes day by day tremendously increases the chance of cardiovascular disease in comparison with not smoking. The extent to which reducing cigarette smoking with vaping results in quitting is unknown. Randomized controlled trials have not shown that vaping is efficient for quitting smoking.

But is smoking e-cigarettes higher for you than utilizing tobacco products? Can e-cigarettes allow you to to give up smoking once and for all? The core concern is that smokers who could have give up totally will develop another nicotine addiction. Dual use may be an increased risk to a smoker who continues to use even a minimal quantity of traditional cigarettes, quite than quitting. The promotion of vaping as a harm reduction aid is premature, while a 2011 review discovered they appear to have the potential to decrease tobacco-related dying and illness.
This regulation applies to all flights to and from the US. The limited obtainable information means that the likelihood of abuse from e-cigarettes is smaller than traditional cigarettes. Tobacco smoke contains 100 known carcinogens, and 900 potentially most cancers inflicting chemical compounds, but e-cigarette vapor accommodates less of the potential carcinogens than present in tobacco smoke. A research in 2015 using a third-generation device found ranges of formaldehyde had been higher than with cigarette smoke when adjusted to a most power setting. E-cigarettes can’t be thought-about protected as a result of there isn’t a secure stage for carcinogens.
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A lengthy-term nicotine addiction from using a vape may lead to using different tobacco merchandise. The majority of addiction to nicotine begins throughout youth and younger maturity. Adolescents usually tend to turn into nicotine dependent than adults. The adolescent mind appears to be particularly sensitive to neuroplasticity on account of nicotine.
Compared to traditional cigarettes, reusable e-cigarettes do not create waste and potential litter from each use in the form of discarded cigarette butts. Traditional cigarettes have a tendency to finish up within the ocean the place they cause pollution,though once discarded they bear biodegradation and photodegradation. Although some brands have begun recycling companies for his or her e-cigarette cartridges and batteries, the prevalence of recycling is unknown.
A 2014 PHE report concluded that hazards associated with merchandise at present on the market are in all probability low, and apparently a lot lower than smoking. However, harms could possibly be lowered further via cheap product requirements. A 2014 WHO report concluded that some smokers will change completely to e-cigarettes from conventional tobacco however a “sizeable” quantity will use each. This report found that such “dual use” of e-cigarettes and tobacco “will have much smaller beneficial effects on general survival in contrast with quitting smoking utterly.” The “catalyst mannequin” suggests that vaping may proliferate smoking in minors by sensitizing minors to nicotine with the usage of a sort of nicotine that is more pleasing and without the adverse attributes of normal cigarettes.
In 2019, a vaping industry organization released a report stating that a attainable US ban on e-cigarettes flavors can potentially effect greater than one hundred fifty,000 jobs across the US. While promoting of tobacco merchandise is banned in most nations, television and radio e-cigarette advertising in several nations may be indirectly encouraging conventional cigarette use. E-cigarette commercials are additionally in magazines, newspapers, on-line, and in retail stores. Between 2010 and 2014, e-cigarettes were second only to cigarettes as the highest marketed product in magazines. As cigarette corporations have acquired the biggest e-cigarette manufacturers, they presently benefit from a dual market of smokers and e-cigarette customers whereas simultaneously presenting themselves as brokers of harm discount. This raises concerns in regards to the appropriateness of endorsing a product that instantly income the tobacco business. There is not any proof that the cigarette manufacturers are selling e-cigarettes as a part of a plan to section out traditional cigarettes, despite some stating to wish to cooperate in “hurt reduction”.
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A 2016 meta-analysis based mostly on 20 completely different research discovered that smokers who used e-cigarettes had been 28% much less more likely to stop than those that had not tried e-cigarettes. This discovering endured whether or not the people who smoke were initially thinking about quitting or not. Tentative proof indicates that well being warnings on vaping products could affect users to surrender vaping. As of 2014, the obtainable research on the efficacy of e-cigarette use for smoking cessation was restricted. Data relating to their use consists of four randomized controlled trials and numerous user surveys, case reports, and cohort research.
E-cigarettes are heavily promoted throughout all media outlets.[when? ] They are vigorously advertised, principally through the Internet, as a secure substitute to conventional cigarettes, among other issues. E-cigarette companies promote their e-cigarette products on Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, and Twitter. They are promoted on YouTube by movies with sexual materials and music icons, who encourage minors to “take their freedom again.” They have partenered with numerous sports and music icons to advertise their merchandise.
There is tentative proof they may help folks quit smoking. Vaping doesn’t significantly enhance the chances of quitting smoking. Their use for quitting smoking is controversial. As a results of the information being confronted with methodological and study design limitations, no agency conclusions can be drawn in respect to their efficacy and safety. A 2016 review found that the mixed abstinence price among smokers using e-cigarettes in prospective research was 29.1%.
Evidence to substantiate the potential of vaping to lower tobacco-associated death and disease is unknown. The well being advantages of reducing cigarette use while vaping is unclear. E-cigarettes might have an influential role in tobacco harm reduction. A 2014 review recommended that rules for e-cigarettes could be just like those for dietary supplements or cosmetic merchandise to not restrict their potential for harm discount.
Tobacco harm reduction has been a controversial space of tobacco control. Health advocates have been gradual to assist a harm reduction technique out of concern that tobacco firms can’t be trusted to promote products that will lower the dangers associated with tobacco use. E-cigarettes can reduce smokers’ exposure to carcinogens and other poisonous chemical compounds ivg eliquid cola ice 6mg 10ml present in tobacco. A large variety of people who smoke want to cut back harm from smoking through the use of e-cigarettes. The argument for harm reduction doesn’t bear in mind the adverse results of nicotine. There cannot be a defensible cause for hurt reduction in children who’re vaping with a base of nicotine.
The same evaluate famous that few scientific trials and prospective studies had but been conducted on their effectiveness, and just one randomized clinical trial had included a gaggle using other give up smoking methods. No lengthy-time period trials have been conducted for their use as a smoking cessation help. It continues to be not evident as to whether vaping can adequately assist with quitting smoking at the inhabitants stage. In 2021 the US PSTF concluded the proof is still insufficient to suggest e-cigarettes for quitting smoking, finding that the steadiness of benefits and harms can’t be determined. As of January 2018, systematic reviews collectively agreed that there’s insufficient proof to unequivocally determine whether or not vaping helped folks abstain from smoking. A 2020 systematic evaluation and meta-analysis of 64 research found that on the entire as consumer products e-cigarettes do not improve quitting smoking.
Among younger individuals who have tried vaping, most used a flavored product the primary time. They are marketed to men, women, and kids as being safer than traditional cigarettes. There are rising considerations that e-cigarette promoting campaigns unjustifiably give attention to young adults, adolescents, and girls.
Some international locations have regulated e-cigarettes as a medical product although they haven’t approved them as a smoking cessation assist. A 2014 evaluation acknowledged the rising phenomenon of e-cigarettes has raised issues in the well being neighborhood, governments, and most of the people and really helpful that e-cigarettes must be regulated to protect shoppers. E-cigarettes create vapor that consists of fine and ultrafine particles of particulate matter, with the vast majority of particles within the ultrafine vary. The vapor have been found to contain propylene glycol, glycerin, nicotine, flavors, small amounts of toxicants, carcinogens, and heavy metals, as well as metallic nanoparticles, and other substances.
The available analysis suggests e-cigarettes are probably equal or barely better than nicotine patches for quitting smoking. People who vaped weren’t more doubtless to surrender smoking than individuals who didn’t vape. Compared to many various quitting smoking medicines in early development in clinical trials together with e-cigarettes, cytisine appears to be most encouraging in efficacy and safety with a cheap value. E-cigarettes have not been proven to be simpler than smoking cessation medication and regulated US FDA medication. A 2014 evaluation found they may be as effective, but no more, in comparison with nicotine patches for brief-time period quitting smoking. They also discovered that a randomized trial acknowledged 29% of e-cigarette customers had been still vaping at 6 months, while solely eight% of patch customers still wore patches at 6 months.
There isn’t any research available on vaping for lowering hurt in high-threat teams such as individuals with mental disorders. In 2015, 80% of all e-cigarette gross sales in comfort stores within the US have been merchandise made by tobacco firms.
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E-cigarette advertising for using e-cigarettes as a quitting software have been seen within the US, UK, and China, which haven’t been supported by regulatory our bodies. In the US, six giant e-cigarette businesses spent $fifty nine.three million on promoting e-cigarettes in 2013. In the US and Canada, over $2 million is spent yearly on promoting e-cigarettes online. E-cigarette web sites typically made unscientific health statements in 2012.
There is tentative proof they may help people give up smoking, but smoking cessation medicine is at least as effective. Pods contain different doses of nicotine, and these levels are regulated in some nations. Following the possibility of nicotine habit from e-cigarette use, there may be concern kids and young individuals might start smoking cigarettes. Their half in tobacco harm reduction is unclear, while one other evaluation found they seem to have the potential to decrease tobacco-related demise and illness. Regulated US Food and Drug Administration nicotine alternative products may be safer than e-cigarettes, however e-cigarettes are typically seen as safer than combusted tobacco products. You may be tempted to show to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes, vape pens, and other vaping devices) as a approach to ease the transition from traditional cigarettes to not smoking at all.
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Other kinds of nicotine substitute merchandise are usually coated by well being techniques, but as a result of e-cigarettes usually are not medically licensed they are not lined. The term harm reduction implies any discount in relative hurt from a previous degree, even a small discount similar to reducing smoking by one or two cigarettes per day. Tobacco hurt discount might serve as a substitute for conventional cigarettes with lower threat products to cut back tobacco-associated dying and illness.
In 2015, no less than forty eight states and a pair of territories had banned e-cigarette gross sales to minors. According to Vape Shop in Wealden, UK from 2014 to 2017, 38.9% of pregnant people who smoke used e-cigarettes in comparison with only thirteen.5% of non-pregnant, reproductive age women smokers. A well being financial examine found that passing an e-cigarette minimum authorized sale age law within the United States increased teenage prenatal smoking by zero.6 percentage points and had no effect on start outcomes. Nevertheless, extra research must be accomplished on the health effects of digital cigarette use throughout pregnancy. E-cigarettes have developed over time, and the completely different designs are categorised in generations. First-generation e-cigarettes are likely to seem like traditional cigarettes, though there may be some variation in measurement, and so are referred to as “cigalikes”. Second-era units are bigger overall and look less like conventional cigarettes.
Since vapor doesn’t contain tobacco and does not involve combustion, customers might avoid several harmful constituents often found in tobacco smoke, such as ash, tar, and carbon monoxide. However, e-cigarette use with or with out nicotine can’t be thought-about risk-free because the long-time period results of e-cigarette use are unknown.
Those that are current, are principally beneath 1% of the corresponding ranges permissible by office security standards. But office security requirements do not acknowledge exposure to sure weak teams such as individuals with medical ailments, kids, and infants who may be uncovered to second-hand vapor. Concern exists that some of the mainstream vapor exhaled by e-cigarette customers could also be inhaled by bystanders, notably indoors. E-cigarette use by a father or mother might result in inadvertent health dangers to offspring. A 2014 evaluate recommended that e-cigarettes must be regulated for shopper safety. There is limited data out there on the environmental issues round production, use, and disposal of e-cigarettes that use cartridges.
The proof indicates smokers are more incessantly in a position to utterly give up smoking using tank gadgets in comparison with cigalikes, which can be as a result of their more environment friendly nicotine delivery. There is low high quality proof that vaping assists smokers to stop smoking in the long-term compared with nicotine-free vaping. Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes were associated with greater effectiveness for quitting smoking than e-cigarettes with out nicotine. A 2013 research in smokers who were not trying to stop, discovered that vaping, with or with out nicotine decreased the number of cigarettes consumed. E-cigarettes without nicotine might cut back tobacco cravings because of the smoking-associated bodily stimuli. A 2015 meta-evaluation on clinical trials discovered that e-cigarettes containing nicotine are more effective than nicotine-free ones for quitting smoking. They in contrast their discovering that nicotine-containing e-cigarettes helped 20% of individuals give up with the outcomes from other research that found nicotine alternative merchandise helps 10% of individuals quit.